34. BeMidbar

The order of Israel’s tribal encampment while traveling in the wilderness is described in this week’s parsha: “Camping to the east shall be the divisions under the banner of Yehuda…1

With the tribe of Yehuda corresponding to the month of Nissan, the camps parallel each of the twelve lunar months and were ordered, by Hashem, in a counter-clockwise fashion around the tabernacle.2

Nissan=Yehuda, Iyar=Yissachar, Sivan=Zevulun

Tammuz=Reuven, Av=Shimeon, Elul=Gad

Tishrei=Ephraim, Cheshvan=Menashe, Kislev=Benyamin

Teves=Dan, Shevat=Asher, Adar=Naftali

Each family camped within the boundaries indicated by the colored banners signifying their tribe. The colors of these banners were deeply significant and corresponded to the colors of the gemstones worn by Aaron during service in the tabernacle. 3

Encampment_00

 

The four sections of the encampment parallel the four letters of Hashem’s ineffable Name, the four aspects of Hashem’s throne, the four worlds (Atzilus, Briya, Yetzira, Asiya), and the four elements of creation: earth, air, fire, and water. 4

Show 4 footnotes

  1. BeMidbar (Numbers) 2:3
  2. Bnei Yissachar
  3. Midrash Rabba
  4. Lekutey Halachoth Choshen Mishpat 2, Hilchos Ganeyva, Halacha 5, Paragraph 19.
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