Author Archives: A.M.

Tu b’Shevat

In Mishnah Rosh HaShana 1:1, Tu b’Shevat is called “the New Year for the tree” — Rosh HaShana la’ilan. It occurs each year on the fifteenth of Shevat, and fruit that ripens before this day is considered harvest from the previous year for the purposes of tithing.

“The tree” referred to in the Mishnah is the Tree of Life — the conduit for divine blessing that emanates from Hashem to every level of His creation. “The tree” therefore is the Torah, as in “She is a tree of life for all who cling to her…” (Mishlei-Proverbs).

Tu b’Shevat is a day for directing our attention and speech to all the aspects of miraculous good found only the Land of Israel. We praise the Land through tasting its fruits in appreciation for Hashem’s kindness in renewing, each year on this day, the strength of the Land.

The entire month of Shevat is a time of renewal for us, as well… a season when our capacity for understanding the Torah is at its fullest and new insights abound. Moshe Rabeynu began his review of the entire Torah on Rosh Chodesh Shevat, revealing secrets not previously known to the People of Israel.

May Hashem bless us all with success in using every day wisely. For more about this special day: Seder for Tu b’Shevat. Enjoy!

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Nissan – Blessing on Fruit Trees

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Peach Blossom in Jerusalem

Nature is an allegory and springtime says it all: renewal! Right in the middle of Pesach cleaning, the Torah encourages us to take a break from the cabinets and crumbles, walk outdoors, find some blossoming fruit trees, and say the blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה’ אֱלקֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כלום
וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבִים לְהַנּוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם

Baruch ata Hashem, Elokeinu Melech HaOlam, shelo chisar baolamo klum, uvara vo beriyot tovot v’ilanot tovim lehanot bahem benei adam.

“Blessed are You, Hashem, our God, Master of the universe, Whose world lacks nothing, and Who created within it beneficial creatures and beneficial trees to bring pleasure to human beings.”

Apple Blossom in Jerusalem

The Hebrew word for blossoms, nitzanim, is related to the name for the first month of spring: Nissan, and to netz (sunrise), since all three fulfill Hashem’s eternal promise that the natural cycles of life will continue, even after the coldest winter or the darkest night.

According to most authorities, this blessing is made during the month of Nissan (Sdei Chemed – Berachos 2:1 and Kaf ha-Chayim 126:1). It is best recited on two or more trees in blossom (Chida, Moreh b’Etzba 198) and the more trees the better (Teshuvos Halachos Ketanos 2:28). We do not recite the blessing on Shabbos or Yom Tov. We also do not say it on trees have been grafted or less than three years old.

Ever since Adam and Eve, fruit trees have been an integral part of our lives. We’re even compared to them, as in Devarim (Deuteronomy) 20: “Man is a tree of the field.” We are rooted, we have seasons of productivity, we need light, nurturing and, most of all, our purpose is to bear fruit!

The Chida taught that saying this blessing releases souls incarnated in the plant kingdom, making it possible for them to complete their soul’s journey. Some people donate 3 coins to charity immediately after making the blessing, corresponding to the nefesh, ruach, neshama levels of the soul. The Ben Ish Hai advises giving 4 coins if one’s parents are no longer in this world, the fourth coin being in honor of the departed souls.

Women also say this annual blessing. Similar to our obligation to bring first fruits — bikurim — to the Holy Temple, this commandment is not considered “time-bound”. It is a “season-bound” break from our daily routine, so that we can take a deep breath, open our senses to the natural processes around us, and draw strength from their renewal.

Sources: Berachos 43b, Rambam (Berachos 10:13); Rokei’ach pg. 235; Ohr Zarua 1:179; Avudraham (Berachos); Tur and Shulchan Aruch O.C. 226; Siddur Rav Yaakov Emden; Chayei Adam 63:2.

Below: Almond branches in early spring, nachalath Binyamin, north of Jerusalem.

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